Two-step genomic sequence comparison strategy to design Trichoderma strain-specific primers for quantitative PCR.

Survival of inoculated fungal strains in a brand new surroundings performs a important position in practical efficiency, however few research have centered on strain-specific quantitative PCR (qPCR) strategies for monitoring useful fungi.

On this research, the Trichoderma guizhouense pressure NJAU 4742 (remodeled with the gfp gene and named gfp-NJAU 4742), which reveals a growth-promoting impact via phytohormone manufacturing and pathogen antagonism, was chosen as a mannequin to design strain-specific primer pairs utilizing two steps of genomic sequence comparability to detect its abundance in soil.

After a second comparability with the carefully associated species T. harzianum CBS 226-95 to additional differentiate the strain-specific fragments that had proven no homology to any sequence deposited within the databases used within the first comparability, ten primer pairs had been designed from the entire genome.

In the meantime, three primer pairs, P11, P12 and P13, had been additionally designed from the inserted fragment containing the gfp gene. After verification testing with three varieties of subject soils, primer pairs P6, P7 and P8 had been additional chosen by comparability with P11, P12 and P13.

A sensible check utilizing a pot experiment confirmed that steady colonization of gfp-NJAU 4742 in pepper rhizosphere soil could possibly be detected utilizing primer pairs P6 and P7, displaying no important distinction from the outcomes of primers P11 and P12.

Therefore, the technique described right here for designing fungal-strain-specific primers might theoretically be used for some other fungi for which the entire genome sequence is on the market in a database, and the qPCR methodology developed will also be used to additional monitor the inhabitants dynamics of various strains primarily based on the designed primers.

Quantitative PCR primer design impacts quantification of dsRNA-mediated gene knockdown.

RNA interference (RNAi) is a robust software for learning features of candidate genes in each mannequin and nonmodel organisms and a promising approach for therapeutic functions. Profitable software of this system depends on the accuracy and reliability of strategies used to quantify gene knockdown.

With the limitation within the availability of antibodies for detecting proteins, quantitative PCR (qPCR) stays the popular technique for quantifying goal gene knockdown after dsRNA therapy. We evaluated how qPCR primer binding web site and goal gene expression ranges have an effect on quantification of intact mRNA transcripts following dsRNA-mediated RNAi.

Two-step genomic sequence comparison strategy to design Trichoderma strain-specific primers for quantitative PCR.

The usage of primer pairs focusing on the mRNA sequence inside the dsRNA goal area did not reveal a major lower in goal mRNA transcripts for genes with low expression ranges, however not for a extremely expressed gene. Against this, important knockdown was detected in all instances with primer pairs focusing on the mRNA sequence extending past the dsRNA goal area, whatever the expression ranges of the goal gene.

Our outcomes counsel that at the least for genes with low expression ranges, quantifying the effectivity of dsRNA-mediated RNAi with primers amplifying sequences fully contained within the dsRNA goal area ought to be prevented because of the danger of false-negative outcomes. As an alternative, primer pairs extending past the dsRNA goal area of the mRNA transcript sequences ought to be used for correct and dependable quantification of silencing effectivity.

Combining bioinformatics and standard PCR optimization technique for one-time design of high-specificity primers for WRKY gene household utilizing unigene database.

Gene households, just like the conserved transcription issue households, evolve via gene duplications and share reasonable similarity between member genes. Lack of genomic information makes it tough to design high-specificity primers to the goal genes.

Moreover, many primers under-perform in extremely delicate assays like quantitative PCR as a result of problems with thermodynamic nature, thereby growing the fee and time for evaluation. A strategy involving intra-species and inter-generic bioinformatic sequence comparability mixed with thermodynamic estimation of primer efficiency was used for one-time design of gene particular primers for various WRKYs, Mitogen Activated Protein-kinases and N-methyltransferases of Coffea canephora with out the help of genome sequence assets.

Out of a complete 37 primer units together with 31 pairs of primers for WRKY from 34 mined WRKY Unigenes/ESTs and 6 pairs for genes coding for MAP kinases and NBS-LRR proteins, 32 units exhibited excessive specificity of amplification upon genome evaluation in addition to within the high-resolution soften evaluation.

Moreover, PCR optimization strategies-both in silico and experimental-indicated a superior efficiency of the primer units for various functions like quantitative PCR and speedy amplification of cDNA ends. Just one set of primer resulted in mis-priming upon affirmation by DNA sequencing of the cloned amplicons.

The intra-species variations and inter-generic similarities guarantee excessive specificity of primers in all instances studied. The process allowed design of primers for the use in numerous downstream functions with excessive efficiency, specificity, yield and ease-of-use.

Primer design and amplification efficiencies are essential for reliability of quantitative PCR research of caffeine biosynthetic N-methyltransferases in espresso.

Primers having suboptimal amplification efficiencies had been proven to falsely characterize fold change expression of the N-methyltransferases gene household concerned in caffeine biosynthesis in Coffea canephora.

To check this phenomenon, the position of stability of the interior reference gene, in addition to the amplification effectivity correction of the primers was investigated. GAPDH and Ubiquitin exhibited a great stability for learning the ontogeny of endosperm tissue, in addition to the leaf transcriptome throughout stress from salicylic acid, methyl jasmonate, PEG-mediated drought and sudden publicity to mild.

Ubiquitin manifested low variation in Cq beneath all these stress regimes and in endosperm ontogeny with 30.1-30.9 in one of the best dataset and 28.8-30.9 in probably the most deviating dataset. It was noticed that issues arising as a result of improper amplification effectivity of the goal or reference genes or each may result in misinterpretation of gene expression ranges.

Quantitative RT-PCR carried out at a sub-optimal effectivity of GAPDH reference gene at 1.68 led to the defective interpretation of two.007 folds upregulation by the 2-ΔΔCt technique and 1.705 folds upregulation by Effectivity technique for the primary NMT (Xanthosine methyltransferase), which truly is repressed throughout darkish acclimatization of espresso vegetation.

Effectivity correction improved the reliability of the expression information and likewise indicated a downregulation of this gene by 0.485 folds and 0.474 folds utilizing 2-ΔΔCt and E technique, respectively, in concordance to earlier studies.

Volatile Organics Mix

60-BIG-MIX 1ML
EUR 120.84

2×Taq PCR Master Mix(with dye)

K1034-1 1 ml
EUR 87.6

Semi-volatile Organics Mix

76-BIG-MIX 1ML
EUR 150.48

Ready? PCR Mix

M1127-1000
EUR 614.4

Ready? PCR Mix

M1127-200
EUR 229.2

Rigor? PCR Mix

M1132-200
EUR 385.2

Breeze? PCR Mix

M1134-200
EUR 320.4

Distant? PCR Mix

M1136-200
EUR 352.8

Advance? PCR Mix

M1139-200
EUR 451.2

Volatile Organics Mix (76 Components)

8260-BIG-MIX 1ML
EUR 296.4

Methylamp PCR Enhancer 

R-1002
  • EUR 185.28
  • EUR 90.20
  • 400 Reactions
  • 400 Reactions

Egg Drop Syndrome RT PCR kit

RTq-V026-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

Egg Drop Syndrome RT PCR kit

RTq-V026-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

Egg Drop Syndrome RT PCR kit

RTq-V026-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

M-PCR-156L 960 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 900.68
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

M-PCR-156S 192 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 225.3
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes

dNTP Mix (1 ml)

9002-1
EUR 183.6

Individual Reaction Mix 1

G065-1 200 reactions
EUR 200.4

PCR-EZ D-PCR MASTER MIX

BS294 100RXN, 100prep
EUR 112.2

Ready? PCR Mix-Dye

M1128-1000
EUR 614.4

Ready? PCR Mix-Dye

M1128-200
EUR 229.2

Image Ready? PCR Mix

M1129-200
EUR 352.8

Robust Ready? PCR Mix

M1130-1000
EUR 738

Robust Ready? PCR Mix

M1130-200
EUR 255.6

Rigor? PCR Mix-Dye

M1133-200
EUR 385.2

Breeze? PCR Mix-Dye

M1135-200
EUR 320.4

Distant? PCR Mix-Dye

M1137-200
EUR 352.8

Image Distant? PCR Mix

M1138-200
EUR 385.2

Advance? PCR Mix-Dye

M1140-200
EUR 451.2

Fire Start? PCR Mix

M1141-200
EUR 451.2

Whole Blood PCR Mix

M1143-200
EUR 385.2

amfiSure PCR Master Mix

P0311-010 2x50 rxns
EUR 151.2

amfiSure PCR Master Mix

P0311-025 5X50 rxns
EUR 198

amfiSure PCR Master Mix

P0311-050 10X50 rxns
EUR 262.8

amfiSure PCR Master Mix

P0311-100 10x1ml
EUR 343.2

amfiSure PCR Master Mix

P0311-125 15X50 rxns
EUR 333.6

amfiSure PCR Master Mix

P0311-200 20x1ml
EUR 562.8

amfiSure PCR Master Mix

P0311-250 50x50 rxns
EUR 902.4

amfiSure PCR Master Mix

P0311-500 100x50 rxns
EUR 1509.6

amfiXpand PCR Master Mix

P0331-010 2X50 rxns
EUR 181.2

amfiXpand PCR Master Mix

P0331-025 5X50 rxns
EUR 327.6

amfiXpand PCR Master Mix

P0331-050 10X50 rxns
EUR 537.6

amfiXpand PCR Master Mix

P0331-250 50x50 rxns
EUR 2247.6

Egg Drop Syndrome One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-V026-100D 100T
EUR 1039.2

Egg Drop Syndrome One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-V026-150D 150T
EUR 1177.2

Egg Drop Syndrome One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-V026-50D 50T
EUR 861.6

Volatile Organics Mix (Low Level)

60-BIG-MIX-200 1ML
EUR 116.28

Volatile Organics Mix (High Level)

60-BIG-MIX-2000 1ML
EUR 165.3

2x GoldStar Best PCR Master Mix (with Dyes), 20 ul/rxn

W0655-1 - Ask for price

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

M-PCR-173L 960 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 789.36
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

M-PCR-173S 192 reactions x 20 µl
EUR 197.34
Description: lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix with SYBR® Green fluorescent DNA stain

The egg drop syndrome (76) RT PCR kit

RTq-V044-100D 100T
EUR 860.4

The egg drop syndrome (76) RT PCR kit

RTq-V044-150D 150T
EUR 969.6

The egg drop syndrome (76) RT PCR kit

RTq-V044-50D 50T
EUR 717.6

PRICE DROP

110-012 4 x 1000 µl
EUR 159.6

PRICE DROP

110-012L 5x 4 x 1000 µl
EUR 621.6

PRICE DROP

110-012XL 10x 4 x 1000 µl
EUR 1126.8

MyTaq Blood PCR Mix, 2x

BIO-25053/S Sample Ask for price

MyTaq Blood PCR Mix, 2x

BIO-25054 250 Reactions Ask for price

mRNAExpress Tail PCR mix (5uM)

MR-TAIL-PR 100 ul
EUR 196.8

Robust Ready? PCR Mix-Dye

M1131-1000
EUR 738

Robust Ready? PCR Mix-Dye

M1131-200
EUR 255.6

Fire Start? PCR Mix-Dye

M1142-200
EUR 451.2

amfiSure Prime PCR Master Mix

P1311-025 5X50 rxns
EUR 193.2

amfiSure Prime PCR Master Mix

P1311-050 10X50 rxns
EUR 262.8

amfiSure Prime PCR Master Mix

P1311-125 15X50 rxns
EUR 327.6

amfiSure Prime PCR Master Mix

P1311-250 50x50 rxns
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amfiSure Prime PCR Master Mix

P1311-500 100x50 rxns
EUR 1485.6

amfiSure Advanced PCR Master Mix

P2311-025 5X50 rxns
EUR 198

amfiSure Advanced PCR Master Mix

P2311-050 10X50 rxns
EUR 267.6

amfiSure Advanced PCR Master Mix

P2311-125 15X50 rxns
EUR 338.4

amfiSure Advanced PCR Master Mix

P2311-250 50x50 rxns
EUR 902.4

amfiSure Advanced PCR Master Mix

P2311-500 100x50 rxns
EUR 1534.8

AXYPREP MAG PCR NORMALIZER KIT- 1 ML - (SAMPLE SIZE)

MAG-PCR-NM-1 1/pk
EUR 87.6
Description: Bioscience Mag Beads; Magnetic PCR Normaliser

TuMinute PCR Clean-Up Kit 

P-1005
  • EUR 303.60
  • EUR 90.20
  • EUR 171.60
  • 100 Samples
  • 50 Samples
  • 100 Samples

The egg drop syndrome (76) One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-V044-100D 100T
EUR 1039.2

The egg drop syndrome (76) One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-V044-150D 150T
EUR 1177.2

The egg drop syndrome (76) One-Step PCR kit

Oneq-V044-50D 50T
EUR 861.6

AXYPREP MAG PCR CLEAN UP KIT- 1 ML - (SAMPLE SIZE)

MAG-PCR-CL-1 1/pk
EUR 69.6
Description: Bioscience Mag Beads; Magnetic PCR Clean Up

Bluetongue virus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V226-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Bluetongue virus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V226-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Poliovirus 1 (PV1) PCR kit

PCR-H659-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Poliovirus 1 (PV1) PCR kit

PCR-H659-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Psittacid herpesvirus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V014-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Psittacid herpesvirus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V014-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Equine herpesvirus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V144-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Equine herpesvirus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V144-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Bovine herpesvirus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V182-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Bovine herpesvirus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V182-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Taq 2x PCR Mix 100 rxn

BA01501 100rxn
EUR 112.8
Description: High quality Taq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

HotTaq 2x PCR Mix 100 rxn

BA01503 100rxn
EUR 144
Description: High quality HotTaq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

RedTaq 2x PCR Mix 100 rxn

BA01507 100rxn
EUR 175.2
Description: High quality RedTaq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

Taq 5x PCR Mix 12.5 mM

BT10402 250rxn
EUR 130.8
Description: High quality Taq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

amfiSure ONE PCR Master Mix(2X)

P7000-005 5x1 ml
EUR 262.8

amfiSure ONE PCR Master Mix(2X)

P7000-010 10x1 ml
EUR 380.4

amfiSure ONE PCR Master Mix(2X)

P7000-050 50x1 ml
EUR 1453.2

amfiSure ONE PCR Master Mix(2X)

P7000-100 100x1 ml
EUR 2522.4

qPCR ProbesMasterMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-360L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 720.29
Description: qPCR ProbesMasterMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR ProbesMasterMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-360S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 180.14
Description: qPCR ProbesMasterMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR ProbesMaster highROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-362L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 720.29
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster highROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR ProbesMaster highROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-362S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 180.14
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster highROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

Pesticide Mix 1 Containing 16 Compounds in Acetonitrile

SPXPR-1 1ML
EUR 282.72

qPCR ProbesMaster lowROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-361L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 720.29
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster lowROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR ProbesMaster lowROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-361S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 180.14
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster lowROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR ProbesMaster UNGMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-363L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 864.5
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster UNGMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR ProbesMaster UNGMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-363S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 216.19
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster UNGMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR MultiplexMasterMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-321L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 1438.81
Description: qPCR MultiplexMasterMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR MultiplexMasterMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-321S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 359.77
Description: qPCR MultiplexMasterMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

MULTIPLEX KIT PCR MASTITIS PCR kit

PCR-MPX218-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

MULTIPLEX KIT PCR MASTITIS PCR kit

PCR-MPX218-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

qPCR ProbesMaster UNG lowROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-364L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 864.5
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster UNG lowROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR ProbesMaster UNG lowROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-364S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 216.19
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster UNG lowROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR ProbesMaster UNG highROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-365L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 864.5
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster UNG highROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR ProbesMaster UNG highROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-365S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 216.19
Description: qPCR ProbesMaster UNG highROXMaster mix for quantitative real-time PCR using labeled DNA probes, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

Caprine herpes virus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V312-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Caprine herpes virus 1 PCR kit

PCR-V312-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Mouse parvovirus type 1 PCR kit

PCR-V324-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Mouse parvovirus type 1 PCR kit

PCR-V324-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Borna disease viruses 1 PCR kit

PCR-V605-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Borna disease viruses 1 PCR kit

PCR-V605-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Herpes simplex type 1 PCR kit

PCR-H426-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Herpes simplex type 1 PCR kit

PCR-H426-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Dengue virus type 1 PCR kit

PCR-H521-48R 50T
EUR 987.6

Dengue virus type 1 PCR kit

PCR-H521-96R 100T
EUR 1335.6

Canine adenovirus type 1 PCR kit

PCR-V077-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

Canine adenovirus type 1 PCR kit

PCR-V077-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Canadian Pesticide Mix 1 Containing 14 Compounds

CAN-CAN-1 1ML
EUR 98.04

qPCR MultiplexMaster lowROXMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-322L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 1438.81
Description: qPCR MultiplexMaster lowROXMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR MultiplexMaster lowROXMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-322S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 359.77
Description: qPCR MultiplexMaster lowROXMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR MultiplexMaster highROXMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-323L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 1438.81
Description: qPCR MultiplexMaster highROXMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

qPCR MultiplexMaster highROXMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-323S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 359.77
Description: qPCR MultiplexMaster highROXMaster mix for multiplex real-time PCR** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

MULTIPLEX KIT PCR Babesia & Theileria PCR kit

PCR-MPX401-48D 50T
EUR 543.6

MULTIPLEX KIT PCR Babesia & Theileria PCR kit

PCR-MPX401-96D 100T
EUR 686.4

Direct qPCR ProbesMasterRobust real-time PCR master mix for amplification directly from blood, swabs or tissue, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-396L 10 x 1,25 ml
EUR 900.05
Description: Direct qPCR ProbesMasterRobust real-time PCR master mix for amplification directly from blood, swabs or tissue, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

Direct qPCR ProbesMasterRobust real-time PCR master mix for amplification directly from blood, swabs or tissue, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

M-PCR-396S 2 x 1,25 ml
EUR 225.04
Description: Direct qPCR ProbesMasterRobust real-time PCR master mix for amplification directly from blood, swabs or tissue, 2 x conc. master mix** shipped ice packs - must be shipped via overnight service

Smart 2X PCR pre-mix Pfu (30ul)

9K-002-0038 30uL, 30uL
EUR 697.37

Therefore, effectivity correction of the primers having suboptimal efficiencies is an absolute prerequisite for the correct calculation of fold change utilizing quantitative RT-PCR.

 

 

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